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Aura Minerals Updates Mine and Plant Expansion at Aranzazu Copper Project

Aura Minerals Inc. ("Aura Minerals" or the "Company") announces an update on the mine and plant expansion at its wholly-owned Aranzazu copper project ("Aranzazu") in Zacatecas State, Mexico. All amounts are presented in United States dollars unless otherwise noted.

On July 18, 2012, the Company released the results of the Preliminary Economic Assessment ("PEA") for Aranzazu, prepared by AMC Mining Consultants (Canada) Ltd. ("AMC"). The PEA evaluated a feed rate expansion at Aranzazu from the current 2,600 tonnes per day ("tpd") to 4,000 tpd and 5,600 tpd, and recommended an expansion to 4,000 tpd which it determined would result in a net present value of $200 million to enable the Company to take the project forward. The PEA also included an expected capital requirement of $107 million for the expansion which included installation and commissioning of an arsenic control facility using partial roasting technology (the "roaster") as the selected long-term solution to decrease arsenic levels to coincide with the expansion.

The Company announces the following updates to the Aranzazu mine and mill expansion:

  • Basic engineering (65% completed to date) now fixes the feed rate expansion of 4,500 tpd and anticipates completion of the expansion by the second quarter of 2015. The engineering is expected to be completed in August 2013 and includes the design for an upgrade to the fresh water system, a redesign of the coarse ore stockpile feeders and a high capacity tailings thickener to improve water recovery;
  • The expanded operation, with roaster capability, expected to have a remaining life of 16 years and estimated life-of-mine cash costs per payable pound of copper of $1.15 to $1.25;
  • The Company expects the estimated capital requirement of $113 million (including a contingency of $12 million) is expected to be funded by a combination of internally generated cash flows and external financing and which is allocated amongst the following phases;
    • $41 million for mine development, which enables access to higher grade ores and the phasing out of the open pit activities during 2014, and increases production to approximately 25 million pounds per year;
    • $33 million for the roaster, which is expected to result in substantially reduced arsenic-related treatment and refining charges and penalties; and
    • $39 million for plant expansion (additional mill, paste-fill plant and thickeners) which is expected to increase production to an expected 35 million pounds of copper per year;
  • The roaster was selected and the purchase contract awarded in February 2013 with an estimated 46 week delivery time. The roaster is expected to be operational in the second quarter of 2014; and
  • The deposit continues to remain open at depth and on strike therefore allowing potential for further future expansion.

Jim Bannantine, the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer stated: "Since the publication of the Preliminary Economic Assessment, Aura Minerals has made excellent progress on the engineering and procurement for Aranzazu's roaster and plant expansion and has advanced underground mine development and expansion. Current priorities include procurement, installation and commissioning of the roaster over the remainder of this year and early next year and continued day by day development and expansion of underground mining. Engineering and subsequent procurement for the plant expansion are expected to allow for installation of additional equipment late next year after the underground mine expansion reaches capacity to feed the expanded plant and the roaster is up and running.

The Company expects each of these project elements, individually and as a group, are expected to result in substantial reductions to the cash costs per payable pound of copper over the life of the project and therefore contribute to realizing a value of the Aranzazu asset greater than that stated in the PEA because of the increase in capacity from 4,000 to 4,500 tpd."

Additional Project Commentary

Mineral Resource:

The measured, indicated and inferred mineral resources as of September 30, 2011, and included in the PEA, have not been updated.


The underground mine has been designed to facilitate the extraction of 4,500 tpd through the application of transverse long hole open stoping, a low-cost bulk mining technique suitable for the significant mineralized mining width and strong continuity of Aranzazu resources. Paste backfill is integral to the project to maximize both resource recovery and mining productivity. Modern trackless mobile equipment will be used for the majority of mining activities.

An extensive underground development program that attains a minimum of 700 meters per month of advance is being executed to develop and maintain access to adequate resources to sustain 4,500 tpd of production. Underground project infrastructure include ventilation shafts and fans, a centralized pumping station, a modern maintenance facility, electrical substations, fueling facility and other ancillary installations.

Material handling from the underground workings to the concentrator is accomplished by a modern fleet of haulage trucks via an extensive ramp system connected to two existing surface portals. Primary crushing will continue to be performed on surface.

The Company expects the planned underground infrastructure and mining method support a potential increase in production to 4,500 tpd and the incremental investment in fixed plant and mobile equipment has been included in the capital expenditure schedule above. It is expected that the economy of scale realized by the expansion of the mine and processing plant will yield a decrease in the cash cost per payable pound of copper produced of between $0.75 and $1.00 per pound of payable copper.


The expansion of the processing plant to 4,500 tpd capacity will include an additional 13' x 18' primary ball mill and two 130 m3 and eight 5 m3 tank flotation cells. This will provide not only sufficient additional rougher flotation capacity but also allow for the total reconfiguration of the cleaner circuit to further optimize final concentrate quality. Additional crushing capacity will be achieved by more fully utilizing the available runtime of the existing equipment so the expansion to 4,500 tpd is capital efficient. The installation of the additional equipment can also be carried out with minimal disruption to current production.

A new tailings thickener and the paste backfill plant is also expected to improve the recovery of water from tailings. The existing tailings storage facility offers short-term capacity, while the majority of the tailings from the expanded production scenario will be stored in a new facility to be developed to the east of the current operation. It is anticipated that 40% of tailings will be delivered to the underground mine as paste backfill.


Arsenic reduction in the copper concentrate will be achieved using partial roasting technology. The roaster was selected and the contract awarded to Technip on February 26, 2013 with an expected 46 week delivery period. Pilot tests conducted using high arsenic content concentrate from Aranzazu showed a decrease of arsenic content by 85%. The expected arsenic content in the treated concentrate once the roaster has been commissioned is 0.3% and the roaster package includes a performance guarantee of a maximum of 0.5%. It is expected that the roaster will decrease arsenic related charges and penalties by up to $1.00 per payable pound of copper produced. The roaster has been presented to SEMARNAT, the Mexican Environmental Authority, and SEMARNAT has authorized the roaster as a modification to the existing operating license.



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